what is an evidence act ?…

This section shall not authorize the Judge to ask any question which is objectionable on the ground of its being irrelevant, or upon the ground that it offends against good manners.

In the Indian Evidence Act, 1872,

Section 165 lays out the procedures for questions and orders of production. The Judge can ask any question he pleases and in any form, at any time, of any witness or party about any fact relevant or irrelevant.

Section 165 has no provisions for objections by either the parties or their agents.

This section of the Act is very important because it makes sure that all evidence presented in court is backed up by a statement signed by the witness and that the statement is true. If you are asked a question, such as “What did you see?”, then your answer must be based on facts declared by this Act to be relevant and duly proved.

In addition, this section also prohibits any judge from asking questions that are inappropriate for any other person to ask under sections 148 and 149. For example, if a witness refuses to answer your question about what he or she saw, then you can’t ask another question about why they refused to answer.

This section also prohibits the judge from dispensing with primary evidence except in cases where it has been shown that there is no other way for someone else to get an answer from the witness.


This section is designed to ensure that the proceedings in a court of law are fair and just, while also providing a way for the parties to present evidence that they feel is relevant to the case. This section will not allow the judge to ask any questions or compel witnesses to answer questions that they would be entitled to refuse under other sections of this Act. This section also allows only primary evidence (i.e., evidence that cannot be contradicted) in order to avoid hearsay testimony.

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